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Repairing a Phoenix Arms HP22
by Roy Seifert

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Disclaimer:  This article is for entertainment only and is not to be used in lieu of a qualified gunsmith.  Please defer all firearms work to a qualified gunsmith.  Any loads mentioned in this article are my loads for my guns and have been carefully worked up using established guidelines and special tools.  The author assumes no responsibility or liability for use of these loads, or use or misuse of this article.  Please note that I am not a professional gunsmith, just a shooting enthusiast and hobbyist, as well as a tinkerer.  This article explains work that I performed to my guns without the assistance of a qualified gunsmith.  Some procedures described in this article require special tools and cannot/should not be performed without them.

Warning:  Disassembling and tinkering with your firearm may void the warranty.  I claim no responsibility for use or misuse of this article.  Again, this article is for entertainment purposes only!

Tools and firearms are the trademark/service mark or registered trademark of their respective manufacturers.   Click on any blue text to go to a product/seller web site.


I have been researching the validity of carrying a .22LR pocket pistol and whether it would be effective as a defensive round.  Personally, being shot with any caliber I think would be a deterrent.  A YouTube video by A Cut Above really got me thinking about carrying a .22LR pistol.  His video can be found here:

Another YouTube video by Beyond Seclusion convinced me to add a .22LR pistol for everyday carry (EDC):  In this video he shoots .22LR bullets through a stack of denim, beef bones, beef meat into beef lung.  I was very impressed with the penetration of the rounds, although he was at a very close range. 

Some of the other reasons I decided to carry a .22 LR were:

  • Light recoil
  • Availability of ammo – I have plenty of .22 ammunition in my ammo safe that I’ve purchased over the years.  Not hoarding during this ammo shortage , but just a box here and there.
  • Light weight of the loaded gun

So, I started searching for a suitable .22 LR pocket pistol that would fit my needs.  Most guns I found were either $300 or more or were too large for my needs.  I was seriously considering a Walther PPK/S, but they were around $350 and up.

Phoenix Arms HP22
I was searching and found a broken Phoenix Arms HP22.  The seller disclosed that the hammer would not stay back.  Looking at the schematic on the Phoenix Arms web site ( I guessed the problem was either the hammer, sear, or sear spring.  Phoenix Arms sells these parts as well as spare magazines.  Because I am not the original owner with a warranty card on file, their lifetime warranty does not apply.  I could send it back to the factory and have them fix it for a $50 service fee, but what’s the fun of that!

This gun has a varied reputation; some people hate it, but some say it’s one of their favorites.  After I repair it, I’ll find out for myself.

Disassembly and Inspection
When I purchase a used gun I always disassemble and clean it.  As usual, this gun was dirty and dry like most used guns I acquire.  I completely disassembled the gun, gave it a thorough cleaning with Ed’s Red, dried it, then lubricated it with SFL-0 grease on the slide rails and other friction points, and FG-68 oil on the pivot points.  (Refer to my article The Search for the Perfect Firearms Lubricants.)

The grip screws were damaged, so I ordered new ones direct from Phoenix Arms.  I also noticed that the recoil spring was bent and kinked, so I ordered an extra power recoil spring from M•Carbo (see below).

Modifying the Magazine


The top front of the magazine would bind when I inserted it into the grip.  The magazine body had a small blob of weld at the seam causing the magazine to bind.  I took a fine file and filed the weld seam smooth so it would easily slide into and out of the grip.  I touched up the exposed metal with Brownells Oxpho-Blue liquid.

I purchased a new magazine from Phoenix Arms, but the follower and base pad were made of plastic.  This magazine was too light to fall out of the pistol.  The original magazine was all metal and freely dropped from the pistol.  I purchased another all-metal magazine off eBay.  The plastic one is my backup/spare.

Repairing the Hammer Not Cocking Problem

 Old and New Sear

To my surprise, when I removed the grip panels, I discovered the side legs were broken off the sear.  No wonder the hammer would not stay cocked; there was nothing for the sear spring to engage!  When I examined the sear, the metal was ragged where the legs would have been indicating they were broken, not cut.  Did someone break these off on purpose to disable the gun, or was this just a malfunction of the part?  I ordered a new sear direct from Phoenix Arms.

First, I removed the sear spring and promptly lost it!  Then I drove out the sear pin from left to right and removed the old sear.  I installed the new sear and fixed it in place with the sear pin.  I added a drop of FG-68 oil to lubricate the pivot point, and put some Brownells Action Lube Plus on the sear edge.

Making a New Sear Spring

 New Sear Spring

I lost both the original sear spring and the one I purchased from M•Carbo so I had to fabricate a new spring.  The sear spring from M•Carbo wouldn’t fit the HP22, but in the process of bending it to fit I lost it.  I took a length of 0.024-inch spring steel and wound two coils around the shank of a small awl.  I then bent it to fit and installed it in the gun.  The coiled part sits above the frame so when compressed by the grip panel it cannot rotate.  It seems to work fine so I’ll see how it holds up under fire.

Sear Not Resetting
With the new sear and sear spring installed I could manually cock the hammer and it would stay cocked.  However, if I tried to cock the hammer by cycling the slide, the sear would not catch on the hammer.  Because this is a new sear, I’m guessing it was a bit long from the factory.  Also, when I pulled the trigger, I had some hammer push indicating that the sear was not ground at the proper angle.  Hammer push happens when the sear pushes the hammer back against the mainspring causing a very heavy trigger pull.  When ground properly the sear should slide off the hammer ledge smoothly.

 Sear Angle

I installed the hammer and sear pins outside the frame so I could see their relationship.  Now I can see the proper angle for grinding the sear. 


I marked the sear with a red marker and scribed a line to indicate the proper angle.  I installed the sear in my vise so the scribed line was parallel with the vise jaws.  I used a 400-grit stone to polish the sear across the vise jaws so the sear was at the proper angle.  I constantly tested the sear and discovered that I had to rotate the sear more counterclockwise to eliminate the hammer push.

Removing metal from the sear accomplished two things; it cut the sear at the proper angle to eliminate hammer push and reduced the length of the sear so the hammer would lock in place when the slide was opened.  With the sear cut at the proper angle the trigger pull was nice and smooth.

Reducing the Sear Ledge on the Hammer

Reducing Sear Ledge

I used a 400-grit polishing stick to reduce the sear ledge on the hammer.  I removed 0.010-inch from the ledge, then lubricated it with Brownell’s Action Lube Plus. 

Modifying the Quirky Safety
This gun has one of the quirkiest safeties I’ve ever seen; probably because it was manufactured in California!  With the safety up in the safe position, the sear is blocked, preventing the hammer and trigger from moving, and the magazine can be removed.  When the magazine is removed you cannot disengage the safety.  With the magazine inserted and the safety down in the fire position, the magazine cannot be removed!  I wanted to be able to remove and install a magazine without having to worry about the position of the safety and be able to engage and disengage the safety without needing to have the magazine installed.

With the safety up and blocking the sear the slide can be retracted only about 1/4” to check if there is a round in the chamber.  With the slide retracted moving the safety in the up position locks the slide open.


The safety has 4 lobes that function as follows:

  1. In the up or safe position this lobe prevents the slide from opening.  If the slide is pulled to the rear moving the safety up locks the slide open with this lobe.  This is manual; there is no last round hold open on this pistol.
  2. In the up or safe position this lobe blocks the sear so the hammer and trigger cannot move.
  3. In the down or fire position this lobe sits in a notch in the magazine release button and prevents the magazine from being released.
  4. The safety spring rides in the two detents which locks the safety in the safe or fire position and prevents it from moving.

I first modified the safety by cutting off and polishing lobe #3 as shown in the above photo.  This allowed me to remove the magazine with the safety on or off.  Since I am not the original owner of this pistol the factory warranty does not apply so I’m not worried about voiding the warranty.

The extra power recoil spring I purchased from M•Carbo (see below) was too long to allow the safety to lock the slide open.  I used a file to remove 1/16” from the right side of lobe #1 indicated by the arrow in Figure 7 and now I can lock the slide open with the safety.

Safety Block

I also removed the safety block by lifting it up and out of the gun.  Apparently, this was supposed to be staked in place, but I was able to remove it.  This piece prevents the safety from being engaged with the magazine removed.  This is a factory part and is not available for purchase.  With this part removed the safety still blocks the sear, but now I can move the safety regardless of whether I have a magazine installed.

Improving the Firing Pin Block Safety

 Slide Components

The firing pin block safety on the slide (253) was very loose and sloppy, and I was afraid it would engage under fire.  Couch Ninja Warriors has a YouTube video describing this same problem  This safety is held in place with a small, straight spring (242).  I removed the rear plate set screw (254) and moved the rear plate (246) down to expose the end of the spring.  I used the smallest jeweler’s flat-blade screwdriver to lift the spring out of the recess, then removed it with a pair of needle-nose pliers.  I put a slight curve in the spring (see insert) so it would set more firmly against the safety.  I removed the safety, cleaned and oiled the recess in the slide, then reinstalled all the parts.  Now the safety positively clicks in place and does not move around.

Polishing the Disconnector Channel

 Disconnector Channel

The next problem I found was that the disconnector would not always reset.  It looked like it was binding between the frame and the grip.  I removed the right grip panel and disconnector and used a narrow 320-grit polishing stick to polish the channel in the frame. 

It looked like someone missed a pin and punched a divot in the frame, which you can clearly see in the above photo.  This created a burr in the magazine well that caused the magazine to bind.  I used a flat jeweler’s file to remove the burr on the inside of the frame, then polished with a 320-grit polishing stick.

I also polished the inside of the plastic grip panel with 400-grit wet/dry sandpaper to ensure it was smooth and flat.  I added a drop of oil to the disconnector channel and disconnector pivot pin, reinstalled the grip panel, and everything worked as it should. 

Polishing the Feed Ramp

Polished Feed Ramp

I used a 1/4-inch Cratex bit and my Dremel tool to polish the feed ramp.  I ran the Dremel at a slow speed and moved the bit up and down the ramp.  It didn’t take long for the ramp to become polished.

Improving Reliability

 M-Carbo Parts

M•Carbo ( sells replacement springs to improve the functionality and reliability of the HP22A.  Please note these parts are for the HP22A/HP25A, NOT the HP22.  Even though these springs are only for the HP22A, as clearly stated on the M•Carbo web site, I wanted to try them anyway.

The trigger spring kit consists of a lighter trigger return spring and sear spring, and an extra power recoil spring which should last longer than the factory spring and will help reduce battering of the slide and frame.  They have a YouTube video showing how to install these parts:

The extra power recoil spring was a bit too long for the HP22; it wouldn’t allow the slide to come back far enough for the safety to lock it open.  I modified the safety as described above so I could lock the slide open.  With the new spring in place the gun fed and ejected rounds reliably, and I hope it will allow me to shoot high velocity ammo.  This gun does not have a last round hold open feature.

The HP22 doesn’t have a trigger return spring.  The metal around the pivot pin hole in the HP22 trigger is solid.  The metal around the HP22A trigger pivot hole has been milled to accept the trigger return spring.  To use the M•Carbo trigger return spring I had to order a new trigger from the factory.  The new trigger came with the trigger bar and trigger spring already installed.  I removed the HP22 trigger, then installed the HP22A trigger and M•Carbo trigger return spring.  This increased the trigger pull by a few ounces, but now the trigger returns positively. 

After the action work and with the new trigger return spring installed the trigger pull now measures 4-pounds.  The disconnector functions as it should, and the hammer stays cocked when I rack the slide.  I pulled the bullet and powder from a .22 LR cartridge and loaded the empty case in the chamber.  When I pulled the trigger the primer compound fired so everything is working as it should.

Dry Firing
I downloaded the manual from the Phoenix Arms web site and it clearly says do not dry fire this pistol.  If the firing pin block safety is off, I can understand because the firing pin will dimple the top of the chamber.  But if the firing pin block safety is on this may damage the hammer.  I folded a narrow piece of leather back on itself and placed it in front of the firing pin.  This acts as a buffer so I can safely dry fire the pistol.

I’m sure whoever owned this pistol before me got very frustrated with all the problems.  Maybe that’s why the sear legs were broken off to prevent someone else from using this faulty pistol.  However, with some new parts and polishing I was able to return it to usable condition.

For the money that I spent for parts I probably could have purchased a new HP22A.  But for me, part of the fun of gunsmithing is diagnosing and repairing problems, and I now have a fully functioning, reliable, .22 LR carry pistol.

About 2 weeks after publishing this article I found the original sear spring.  That was quite a miracle finding that small part on the floor of my shop.  I replaced the homemade sear spring with the original factory spring.  This increased the trigger pull by a few ounces, but not enough to matter to me.


   © Copyright 2021 Roy Seifert.